Conditional type 3


Conditional type 3 is used to talk about past situations or events that are opposite to the speaker’s wish. That is, the speaker regrets having done (or not having done) something .

Conditional type 3: Notes

If + past perfect (if-clause) + would/could/might have+past 
participle (main clause)
Conditional type 3 refers to past situations that are very often
opposite to reality/facts. That is, situations or events which
the speaker regrets.


Conditional sentenceMeaning
1. If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.I didn’t sent her an invitation because I didn’t find her address
2. If I had studied well, I might have passed the exam.I didn’t pass the exam because I didn’t study well.
 3. I could have helped you if you had asked me.I didn’t help you because you didn’t ask me.


  1. If the “if” clause comes first, a comma is usually used. If the “if” clause comes second, there is no need for a comma: If it had been sunny, we would have gone to the park. = We would have gone to the park If it had been sunny.

2. In most conditional sentences,’’ when’’ means the same thing as ‘’if’’: if/when it had been sunny, we would have gone to the park.

3. The past situations or events are opposite to the speaker’s wish.

Past situation/eventSpeaker’s wish

Conditional type 3: Exercise

Put the verbs between brackets in the correct tense

  1. If I (to have) enough money, I(to lend) you.
  2. If you (to study) hard, you (to pass) the test.
  3. If it’s sunny, we (to go) to the park.
  4. Paula (to be) sad if Juan (to leave).
  5. If you (to cook) the supper, I (to wash) the dishes.
  6. If I (to win) the lottery, I (to go) to Paris.
  7. If Clare (to arrive) late again, the hockey trainer will be furious.
  8. You’ll be sorry if you( not/to revise) for your exams.
  9. We (to go) on a picnic if the weather’s good.
  10. They (to recognize) you if you wear dark glasses.
  11. If the bus (to come) on time, I won’t miss the football match.
  12. If you (to do) your homework now, you (to be) free all tomorrow.
  13. We (to eat) out if there’s no food at home.
  14. You’ll find life much easier if you (to smile) more often.
  15. If it’s hot, we (to go) for a swim.
  16. You’ll do it better if you (to take) more time over it.
  17. If she (to keep) practicing, she’ll get better.
  18. I (to be) so happy if I pass the exam.
  19. You’ll be really tired tomorrow if you  (not/to go) to bed soon.
  20. If someone (to lend) you a bike, you can come with us.

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