Prepositions of place are parts of speech that give information about the location of a person, thing, animal, action, event, etc. A preposition always comes before the noun that it modifies.

Uses of prepositions of place: at, in, and on

The table below shows the cases in which each preposition is used.

At InOn
A pointAn enclosed spaceA surface
at the cornerin the gardenon the ceiling
at the bus stopin Franceon the door
at the doorin a boxon the cover
at the top of the pagein my pocketon the floor
at the end of the roadin my walleton the carpet
at the entrancein a buildingon the menu
at the crossroadsin a caron a page
at the front deskin a taxion the wall
at homein a boaton a bus
at workin a lift (elevator)on a train
at schoolin the newspaperon a plane
at universityin the skyon a ship
at collegein a rowon a bicycle
at the topin Oxford Streeton a motorbike
at the bottomin a helicopteron a horse
at the side on an elephant
at reception on the radio/TV
in the garden on the way

Meanings of prepositions of place

The following table gives the approximate meaning of each preposition of place, in addition to examples that illustrate that meaning.

abovehigher than sth.The picture hangs above my bed.
acrossfrom one side to the other sideYou mustn’t go across this road.
afterone follows the otherThe cat ran after the dog.
againstdirected towards sth.The bird flew against the window.
alongin a line; from one point to anotherThey’re walking along the beach.
amongin a groupI like being among people.
aroundin a circular wayWe’re sitting around the campfire.
behindat the back ofOur house is behind the supermarket.
belowlower than sth.Death Valley is 86 meters below sea level.
besidenext toOur house is beside the supermarket.
betweensth./sb. is on each sideOur house is between the supermarket and the school.
bynearHe lives in the house by the river.
close tonearOur house is close to the supermarket.
downfrom high to lowHe came down the hill.
fromthe place where it startsDo you come from Tokyo?
in front ofthe part that is in the direction it facesOur house is in front of the supermarket.
insideopposite of outsideYou shouldn’t stay inside the castle.
intoentering sth.You shouldn’t go into the castle.
nearclose toOur house is near the supermarket.
next tobesideOur house is next to the supermarket.
offaway from sth.The cat jumped off the roof.
ontomoving to a placeThe cat jumped onto the roof.
oppositeon the other sideOur house is opposite the supermarket.
out ofleaving sth.The cat jumped out of the window.
the outsideopposite of insideCan you wait outside?
overabove sth./sb.The cat jumped over the wall.
pastgoing near sth./sb.Go past the post office.
roundin a circleWe’re sitting around the campfire.
totowards sth./sb.I like going to Australia.
towardsin the direction of sth.We ran towards the castle.
underbelow sth.The cat is under the table.
upfrom low to highHe went up the hill.

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