How to write a narrative essay

Introduction To Writing A Narrative Essay

Narrative writing is a form of writing that tells a story, typically from the author’s perspective. It aims to engage the reader by creating vivid descriptions, evoking emotions, and conveying a clear message or lesson. While writing a narrative essay, you should always include the following elements as key parts that make up your essay:

Elements Of A Narrative Essay

A narrative essay should contain the following elements:


Every narrative essay has a plot, which is the sequence of events that unfold in the story. The plot typically includes an introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. It should have a clear beginning, middle, and end.


Characters bring life to a narrative essay. They can be real people, fictional characters, or even the author themselves. It’s important to develop the characters by providing details about their appearance, personality, and actions. This helps the reader connect with the story on a deeper level.


The setting of a narrative essay refers to the time and place where the story takes place. It helps create a context for the events and adds depth to the narrative. Describing the setting in detail helps the reader visualize the story and enhances their understanding.


A narrative essay often explores a central theme or message. This theme could be a lesson learned, a moral dilemma, a personal experience, or an observation about life. The theme provides a deeper meaning to the story and allows readers to relate to it on a broader level.

Point of View:

The point of view in a narrative essay determines who is telling the story. It can be first person (using “I” or “we”), second person (using “you”), or third person (using “he,” “she,” or “they”). The choice of point of view affects the reader’s perspective and the level of intimacy with the story.


Conflict is an essential element of a narrative essay. It introduces tension and keeps the reader engaged. The conflict can be internal (within a character’s mind or emotions) or external (between characters or with external forces). Resolving the conflict drives the narrative forward.

Descriptive Language:

A narrative essay relies on vivid and descriptive language to paint a picture in the reader’s mind. It uses sensory details, such as sight, sound, taste, touch, and smell, to create a sensory experience. This helps the reader connect with the story and enhances the overall reading experience.

Conclusion Of Writing A Narrative Essay

By incorporating these elements into your narrative essay, you can create a compelling and engaging piece of writing that captivates your audience and leaves a lasting impact.

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